patients had complications perioperatively or during the follow-up. Seven (29.2%) patients had wound complications.
Conclusion. Considering the acceptable local recurrence rate, conservative surgery aided by effective control of intraoperative hemorrhage should be considered as an alternative procedure for patients with giant cell tumors of the sacrum. The advantages include lower morbidity, reduced neurologic deficits, speed and ease of the surgical procedure, reduced blood loss, preservation of spinal and pelvic continuity, and a low recurrence rate.”
“Dogs suffering from Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD) present symptoms that are similar to human patients with https://www.selleckchem.com/products/z-devd-fmk.html Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Phenotypic variability is common in both cases and correlates with disease progression and response to therapy. Physical therapy assessment tools were used to study disease progression and assess phenotypic variability in dogs with GRMD. At 5 (TO), 9 (T1), 13 (T2) and 17 (T3) months of age, the physical features,
joint ranges of motion (ROM), limb and thorax circumferences, weight and creatine kinase (CK) levels were assessed in 11 dogs with GRMD. Alterations of physical features were higher at 13 months, and different disease progression rates were observed. Passive ROM decreased until 1 AZD6738 order year old, which was followed by a decline of elbow and tarsal ROM. Limb and thorax circumferences, which were corrected for body weight, decreased significantly between TO and T3. These measurements can be used
to evaluate disease progression in dogs with GRMD and to help discover new therapies for DMD patients. selleck inhibitor (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Study Design. Analysis of patient and surgeon preference between selective and nonselective thoracic spinal fusions.
Objective. The purpose of this study was: (1) to determine patient preference between a longer, straighter fusion versus a shorter fusion with a residual lumbar deformity, and (2) to determine surgeon preference based on a cross-sectional survey.
Summary of Background Data. In the surgical treatment of Lenke 1B and 1C curves, choosing between a selective thoracic fusion which may leave residual lumbar deformity versus a fusion into the lower lumbar spine which may improve correction at the expense of lumbar motion continues to be debated.
Methods. The deformity-flexibility quotient (DFQ) was defined to quantify the 2 primary yet competing goals of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgery, and is calculated by dividing the residual coronal lumbar deformity by the number of unfused distal motion segments. Patient preference between a selective versus nonselective fusion was determined using a Spearman’s Rho analysis to correlate radiographic data (including the DFQ) with Scoliosis Research Society-24 scores. Surgeon preference was determined using a cross-sectional survey of 12 experienced scoliosis surgeons.