Direct epidemiological evidence, however, is needed, as other yet unrecognized etiologic factors may remain to be identified. Acknowledgments We are grateful to Statistics Canada for access to the data provided to Public Health Agency of Canada. The cooperation of the provincial and territorial cancer registries that supply the data to Statistics Canada is gratefully acknowledged. The authors particularly thank Robert Semenciw and Larry Ellison for their critical review of the manuscript. Footnotes No potential conflict of interest.
A 49-year-old female was transferred
to University Hospital from an outside facility. She had a three month history of pelvic pain, hematochezia and difficulty defecating. A CT scan revealed Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical a necrotic colorectal mass most consistent with malignancy, which was seen eroding into a large teratoma within the pelvis. Rectal contrast was extravasating outside the bowel lumen and filling the teratoma consistent with a fistulous communication (Fig 1). Figure 1 Rectal contrast was extravasating outside the bowel lumen and filling the teratoma consistent with a fistulous Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical communication Her past medical history and family history were negative for malignancy. Because of her gastrointestinal symptoms, she was referred to the gastrointestinal
service for colonoscopy. On digital rectal examination a palpable mass was noted. The http://www.selleckchem.com/products/PTC124.html Colonoscopy confirmed the presence of a partially obstructing ulcerated rectal mass (Fig Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical 2) which was biopsied. The colonoscopy impression was consistent with
primary rectal carcinoma. Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Microscopic examination of the biopsies revealed squamous cell carcinoma with adjacent normal colonic mucosa. The differential diagnosis included primary squamous cell carcinoma versus metastatic origin. Extension from the anal canal was also considered in the differential diagnosis. With the working diagnosis of teratoma with squamous cell carcinoma transformation extending to the rectum, the patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and low Hartmann resection Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical of the rectum and sigmoid colon. The resection specimen revealed that the why ulcerated rectal mass was directly adherent to the necrotic ovarian cyst (Fig 3). Microscopic examination supported the diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma arising from ovarian dermoid cyst and extending to the wall of the rectum (Fig 4). The patient tolerated surgery well and was sent home in stable condition. Figure 2 Colonoscopy view of the rectal mass eroding into the lumen Figure 3 Colonoscopy view of the rectal mass eroding into the lumen Figure 4 Invasive squamous cell carcinoma invading into the rectal wall Discussion Primary colorectal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is one of the rare malignancies of the gastrointestinal tract (1). It is part of the 2010 WHO classification, however pure squamous cell carcinoma is very rare and the incidence of (SSC) is far less than adenosquamous cell carcinoma (2).