The CellSearch System was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the detection of CTCs in the peripheral blood of patients with metastatic breast, colon and prostate cancer (10). There have been several
studies which investigated the prognostic value of CTC detection using the CellSearch System in patients with sellectchem gastrointestinal cancers. Cohen et al. reported that clinical significance of CTCs Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical in 430 patients with metastatic Dorsomorphin ALK colorectal cancer at baseline and after starting first-, second-, or third-line therapy in a prospective multicenter study using the CellSearch System (11). As results, patients with ≥3 CTCs per 7.5 mL of the blood at baseline had a significantly worse progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) compared with the patients with <3 CTCs at baseline of pretreatment metastatic colorectal cancer. Interestingly, conversion of baseline ≥3 CTCs to <3 CTCs at 3 to 5 weeks was associated with significantly longer PFS and OS compared with patients with ≥3 CTCs at both Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical time points. Baseline and follow-up CTC levels remained strong predictors of PFS and OS after adjustment for clinically Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical significant factors. They concluded that CTCs can provide significant prognostic information prior to that of imaging studies. Hiraiwa et al. (12) in a study carried out in our department evaluated CTCs in 130 patients with gastrointestinal cancers
including 44 gastric, 48 colorectal, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical and 38 esophageal cancers, using the CellSearch System and clarified the clinicopathologic characteristics of CTCs. As results, CTC counts were significantly larger in metastatic gastric cancer than in nonmetastatic gastric cancer or healthy donors. The survival of patients with ≥2
CTCs was significantly shorter than that of patients with <2 CTCs. Moreover the change in CTCs tended to correlate with disease progression and chemotherapeutic effect. These studies Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical suggest that measurement of CTCs in gastrointestinal cancer patients could be useful as a promising tool for judging tumor stage, predicting the distant metastasis and patients' survival, and monitoring response to cancer therapy. Although detection of CTCs has also been evaluated in several studies to predict the poor prognosis or monitor chemotherapy outcomes in pancreatic cancer (13-15), clinical significance of CTCs Carfilzomib in biliary cancers still remains unclear. The current article by Ustwani et al. (16) reports on the detection of CTCs using the CellSearch System in 16 patients with cholangiocarcinoma or gallbladder cancer for the first time. In their pilot study using a cutoff of 2 CTCs per 7.5 mL, 25% of patients with biliary cancer had detectable CTCs. As results, only 25% of patients with positive CTC were alive while 50% of patients with negative CTC remained alive at 12 months of follow up from time CTC is drawn.