Climatic data were monitored during
October and November in 2009. Rainfall from October 01 to November 11 was 96 mm with very concentrated rainfalls in few days. Five days before to the first survey, relative humidity was high (average of 82% RH) and temperatures were 16.8–30.4 °C. This period prior of the first survey seems to have been very suitable for fungal infection, based on the greater number of plots with fungus attacking the insect host. The relative humidity decreased to 68.2–68.3% in intervals between first and second survey and from second to third survey, but temperature ranges were very similar to those during the first survey. From these results, it is possible to infer that the frequency of surviving insects increased in an inverse manner with the relative humidity through the entire survey period, while fungal incidence decreased, especially in last survey. Z. selleck screening library radicans is one of the most common and globally distributed entomophthoralean entomopathogens causing epizootics under natural conditions ( Papierok and Hajek, 1997), and infects a wide range of hosts ( Humber, 1989). The first report of Z. radicans in
Brazil was made by Hoffmann et al. (1979) on the soybean caterpillar Anticarsia Olaparib order gemmatalis (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and recently Alves et al. (2009) observed a natural epizootic of this fungus causing 90% mortality on the psyllid Gyropsylla spegazziniana Lizer & Trelles (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) in a commercial Paraguay tea plantation.
Besides these reports, the ARS Collection of Entomopathogenic Fungal Cultures holds some strains of Z. radicans collected in Brazil mostly on insect species belonging to Cicadellidae. Because T. peregrinus ID-8 was recently introduced in Brazil, virulent strains of Z. radicans might have been introduced jointly with this pest, or that indigenous isolates of this fungal pathogen efficiently adapted to this new pest from some other host. In the place of origin for T. peregrinus, i.e., Australia, there are no reports about the impact of any fungal entomopathogen on populations of this insect. Therefore, we suggest that this could be a new association between host and pathogen, and that this fungus may be a promising candidate for regulation of this insect. We thank Dr. Richard Humber (USDA, Ithaca, NY) for his valuable suggestions to this paper. “
“The entomopathogenic fungal genus Neozygites belongs to the order Neozygitales in the class Neozygitomycetes in the phylum Entomophthoromycota ( Humber, 2012). Fungi in this genus attack small arthropods such as mealy bugs, aphids, thrips and mites ( Keller, 1991). According to Humber (2012), an extensive amount of data is still needed to reveal important information about the classification and biology of Neozygites.