Figure 5 (A), Immunohistochemical characterization of the U87mg i

Figure 5 (A), Immunohistochemical characterization of the U87mg induced intracranial tumor with regard to vascular density as detected by laminin-immunohistochemistry (A, T1) and permeability of albumin (T2). The density of capillaries is clearly higher … 3.6. Accumulation of Liposomes

In Vivo At 4hr postinjection, the α-hEGFR-ILs clearly appeared more prominent within the tumor compared to those of the hIgG-ILs (Figure 6). The presence of α-hEGFR-ILs and hIgG-ILs was higher in the periphery of the tumor Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical containing a somewhat higher density of vasculature (Figure 4(a)), whereas in regions with a lower density of vessels, mainly in the center of the tumor, the accumulation of liposomes was drastically decreased Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical (not shown). Figure 6 Representative sections containing the U87mg xenograft tumor showing accumulation of green fluorescent α-hEGFR-IL’s (A). In comparison, hIgG-IL’s accumulate to a lower degree within the tumor (B), but the fluorescence is clearly higher … To overcome the problem with a relatively weaker fluorescent signal emitted from the green fluorescent emitting DiO-containing liposomes in the tissue sections, the immunoglobulins conjugated to the surface of the liposomes were labeled with additional green fluorescence

Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical using an Alexa Fluor 488- conjugated secondary antibody. This allowed for an improved analysis of the section, which revealed that the liposomes indeed localized to the U87mg cancer cells (Figure 7). The cellular binding to the U87mg cells was detectable as green fluorescence in the cytoplasma of these Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical cells (Figures 7(A)–7(C)). In sections from mice injected with liposomes conjugated with hIgG-IL’s, the liposomes accumulated to a lower degree inside the cancer cells than in cells of sections from mice injected with α-hEGFR-ILs (compare Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Figures 7(C) and 7(F)). Figure 7 Distribution of green DiO-containing α-hEGFR-IL’s (A–C) and hIgG-IL’s (D–F) AV-951 in the U87mg intracranial tumor xenograft

co-detected with laminin using a red fluorescent antibody to detect capillaries (asterisks). To enhance … To quantify the appearance of liposomes within the tumor, the mean grayscale intensities (GSI) in brain tumor sections exposed to either α-hEGFR-ILs or hIgG-ILs were compared to sections containing a brain tumor from a mouse that was not injected with liposomes (Table 2). The mean GSI in sections of tumors containing α-hEGFR-ILs was 28.8 whereas sections of tumors hIgG-ILs were 17.2 corresponding to 1.67-fold higher accumulation of α-hEGFR-ILs in the intracranial U87mg xenograft model (Table 2). This corresponded to that of the mean GSI of sections from tumors containing α-hEGFR-ILs, which were observed to be 3.

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