It is associated with relatively low morbidity, which is correctible.”
A phased introduction of a monovalent rotavirus vaccine occurred in Mexico from February 2006 through May 2007. We assessed the effect of vaccination on deaths from diarrhea in Mexican children in 2008 and 2009.
We obtained data on deaths from diarrhea, regardless of cause, from January 2003 through May 2009 in Mexican children under 5 years of age. We compared diarrhea-related mortality in 2008 and during see more the 2008 and 2009 rotavirus seasons with the mortality at baseline (2003-2006), before the introduction
of the rotavirus vaccine. Vaccine coverage was estimated from administrative data.
By December 2007, an estimated 74% of children who were 11 months of age or younger had received one dose of rotavirus vaccine. In 2008, there were 1118 diarrhea-related deaths WZB117 among children younger than 5 years of age, a reduction of 675 from the annual median of 1793 deaths during the 2003-2006 period. Diarrhea-related mortality fell from an annual median of 18.1 deaths per 100,000 children at baseline to 11.8 per 100,000 children in 2008 (rate reduction, 35%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 29 to 39; P<0.001). Among infants who were 11 months of age or younger, diarrhea-related mortality fell from 61.5 deaths per 100,000 children at baseline to 36.0 per 100,000 children in 2008 (rate reduction, 41%; 95%
CI, 36 to 47; P<0.001). As compared with baseline, diarrhea-related mortality was 29% lower for children between the ages learn more of 12 and 23 months, few of whom were age-eligible for vaccination. Mortality among unvaccinated children between the ages of 24 and 59 months was not significantly reduced. The reduction in the number of diarrhea-related deaths persisted through two full rotavirus seasons (2008 and 2009).
After the introduction of a rotavirus vaccine, a significant decline in diarrhea-related deaths among Mexican children was observed, suggesting a potential benefit from rotavirus vaccination.”
“Purpose: The Kelly
technique of radical soft tissue mobilization, an alternative to osteotomy and modern staged repair, has been used extensively at our tertiary referral center for bladder exstrophy in the last 2 decades. We present what is to our knowledge the first long-term followup of the Kelly technique in 31 patients treated at our institution.
Materials and Methods: Patients admitted for bladder exstrophy at our institution since 1980 were identified and the medical charts were reviewed. Continence questionnaires were completed during followup appointments or by mail. Continence was defined as complete-dry greater than 3 hours during the day and night with 2 or fewer night wets per month and partial-dry 2 hours or more during the day and 3 or greater night wets per month, and/or stress incontinence. The degree of pelvic organ prolapse was assessed in females older than 12 years.