Esherichia coli RNase III that is encoded by the rnc gene recognizes its substrates through specific structural and sequence features (reactivity epitopes) that are Opaganib concentration contained within a double-helical structure of at least one full turn (11 bp), a primary reactive epitope (Dunn, 1982; Robertson, 1982; Court, 1993; Nicholson, 1999, 2003). Internal loops or bulges in the helix can limit the cleavage
of a target site to a single phosphodiester (Robertson, 1982; Court, 1993; Nicholson, 1999). In addition, a bulge–helix–bulge motif has been identified that allows binding of E. coli RNase III, but inhibits cleavage (Calin-Jageman & Nicholson, 2003). While a number of identified bacterial RNase III substrates
have no sequence conservation as positive recognition determinants, it has been proposed that specific base pair sequences can be excluded from two discrete double-helical segments, termed the proximal box (pb) and the distal box (db) (Zhang & Nicholson, 1997). Introduction of one or more of the excluded base pairs into either box within a model substrate inhibits RNA binding by E. coli RNase III (Zhang & Nicholson, 1997). Based on these findings, it was proposed that reactive E. coli RNase III sites are identified by the absence of inhibitory base pairs within the pb and db (Zhang & Nicholson, 1997; Nicholson, 1999). While positive sequence recognition determinants for
cleavage site selection check details by RNase III are not known, nonetheless, such elements Montelukast Sodium may exist and may be common features of the diverse substrates for bacterial RNases III, which have not yet been discovered. In this study, to investigate determinants for cleavage site selection by RNase III, we performed a genetic screen for mutant sequences at the RNase III cleavage sites present in bdm mRNA that resulted in altered RNase III cleavage activity using a transcriptional bdm′-′cat fusion construct (Sim et al., 2010). Based on analyses of the isolated mutant sequences that altered RNase III cleavage activity, we show that base compositions at scissile bond sites play an important role in both RNA-binding and cleavage activity of RNase III, which may explain the ability of bacterial RNase III to carry out site-specific cleavage of cellular RNA substrates despite its ability to degrade long double-stranded RNAs of broad sequence into short duplex products in a largely base pair sequence-independent manner under in vitro conditions (Xiao et al., 2009). DNA fragments containing random mutations at the cleavages sites 3 and 4-II in bdm mRNA (Sim et al., 2010) were amplified using overlap extension PCR, were digested with NcoI and NotI, and were cloned into the same sites in pBRS1 (Sim et al., 2010).