2). We also examined the effects of miR-370 on migration and invasion JQ1 nmr of the highly
invasive MHCC-LM3 and YY-8103 cells. miR-370 overexpression markedly reduced, whereas miR-370 inhibition increased, migration and invasion of these cells (Fig. 1E,F and Supporting Fig. 3A-D). Interestingly, miR-370 inhibition also markedly enhanced migration and invasion of IMH cells (Supporting Fig. 3E,F). To further investigate the effect of miR-370 on tumorigenesis of HCC cells in vivo, MHCC-97H or YY-8103 cells infected with Ad-miR-370 or control adenovirus Ad-GFP were SC transplanted into the flanks of Balb/c nude mice. Xenografts were detected in 37.5% (3 of 8) of mice as early as day 14 and in all subjects by day 33 after inoculation in mice receiving MHCC-97H cells infected with Ad-GFP (Fig. 2A). No xenografts were observed until day 33 in mice receiving MHCC-97H cells infected with Ad-miR-370, and only small nodules were identified in 50% (4 of 8) of mice by day 38 (Fig. 2A). Xenografts were significantly smaller in the Ad-miR-370 group, compared to the control group, at every time point (Supporting see more Fig. 4A). Consistently, xenograft weight was significantly reduced in the Ad-miR-370 group (Fig. 2B). Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis showed a significant increase in
miR-370 levels in the Ad-miR-370 group, relative to the Ad-GFP control (Supporting Fig. 4B). Similar results were obtained with YY-8103 cells (Supporting Fig. 4C,D). We further investigated the effect of miR-370 on HCC metastasis in vivo in NOD/SCID mice injected
with luciferase-labeled MHCC-LM3 cells infected with Ad-miR-370 or Ad-GFP. Luciferase signals were detected in lungs in www.selleck.co.jp/products/Docetaxel(Taxotere).html all mice in the Ad-GFP group by ex vivo imaging, but in only 2 of 5 mice in the Ad-miR-370 group 8 weeks after cell transplantation (Fig. 2C and Supporting Fig. 4E). Number of tumor foci on lungs was also significantly reduced in the Ad-miR-370 group (Fig. 2D). Histologic analysis confirmed reduced tumor foci, which were composed of paratypic HCC cells in the Ad-miR-370 group (Fig. 2D). We then explored the antitumor effect of miR-370 on an established HCC cell transplanted SC tumor model in Balb/c nude mice. Intratumoral injection of Ad-miR-370 significantly reduced the growth and weight of MHCC-97H xenografts (Fig. 2E and Supporting Fig. 4F). Real-time PCR confirmed the increased expression of miR-370 in Ad-miR-370-treated tumor nodules (Supporting Fig. 4G). Histological analysis revealed that the tumor nodules were composed of HCC cells arranged in a trabecular pattern, as proved by H&E staining (Fig. 2F). Additionally, Ad-miR-370-treated tumor nodules displayed decreased Ki-67 expression (Fig. 2F) and contained more apoptotic cells (Supporting Fig. 5).